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Funding Deficit Adjustment in the Banking Sector of Bangladesh Through Dollar Selling and Borrowing

Funding Deficit Adjustment in the Banking Sector of Bangladesh

The persistent scenario of funding shortfalls among numerous banks in Bangladesh has become a prevailing challenge and cause of financial crisis in the banking sector. In response to this plight, unconventional strategies have been implemented, such as dollar selling and substantial borrowing, aimed at mitigating the funding shortfalls that have plagued the sector. As the financial year draws to a close, the central bank emerges as a vehicle to stabilize the banking sector amid these challenges. This article explores the multifaceted dimensions of the funding shortfall problem, unravels the complexities of coordination required, examines the dynamics of dollar transactions, discusses the central bank’s countermeasures, and contemplates the far-reaching implications for the future stability of the banking sector in Bangladesh. While navigating this field it becomes clear that the interplay of fiscal strategy and regulatory intervention will play a decisive role in shaping the trajectory of banking sector resilience in the face of funding shortages.

Fund Deficit Adjustment:

The challenge of funding shortages has escalated to a critical juncture among certain banks, exceeding the normal ebb and flow of financial balances and resulting in negative reserve deficits. In response to this uncertain situation, the central bank took unprecedented steps, implementing special measures to inject funds into the system and restore a semblance of order to the financial sector. Despite these interventions, the upcoming year-end reconciliation of accounts has emerged as a critical moment, intensifying the urgency of resolving funding shortfalls.

In order to deal with this financial problem, banks that fall with negative reserves are forced to resort to various strategies to meet their funding shortfalls. These strategies can include a variety of financial strategies, from exploring ways to generate internal capital to engaging in strategic partnerships or seeking external funding sources. The complexity of this process lies not only in addressing immediate shortfalls but also in formulating sustainable long-term solutions that strengthen the financial health of these institutions. As the banking sector navigates this complex landscape of funding shortfall adjustments, the effectiveness of these strategies will undoubtedly shape the resilience and stability of individual banks, thereby impacting the broader financial sector in Bangladesh.

One such strategy involves reconciling funding shortfalls at the end of the fiscal year by engaging in special measures. In this system, banks collect dollars at a high rate only to sell them at a low rate to the central bank. At the same time, public sector banks borrow heavily, often at high-interest rates, further complicating the financial sector. While this patchwork approach addresses immediate deficiencies, the sustainability of such practices raises questions about the overall health of the banking sector.

Dollar transactions:

An important component of fund deficit adjustment is the purchase and sale of dollars. Recent figures from Bangladesh Bank indicate that some banks sell around $300 million dollars to the central bank. However the secret lies in the reverse dynamics of this transaction. Banks sold dollars to the central bank but the rate at which they were paid was less than the initial acquisition cost. This has caused financial loss to the banks.

For example, an Islamic bank reportedly sold $200 million to the central bank, but had to borrow Rs 1000 crore from a state-owned bank to meet its funding shortfall. This complex dance of selling and borrowing, coupled with the complexities of collecting remittances, paints a picture of a sector plagued with inequality and financial challenges. Some banks were observed to be collecting remittances at rates significantly higher than standard, increasing their losses while selling dollars at lower rates to the central bank.

Year End Challenge:

As the financial year draws to a close, Bangladeshi banks find themselves grappling with increasing pressure to reconcile accounts and deal with funding shortfalls. Year-end calculations are not merely a routine exercise but act as an important litmus test for the financial health of these institutions. In response to the mounting challenges, Bangladesh Bank took an unprecedented step by injecting a record amount, around Tk 22 thousand crore, into distressed banks. This significant infusion of funds is aimed at providing a lifeline to banks navigating the complexities of funding shortages, offering a temporary reprieve amid year-end financial accounts.

At the same time, the rise in interbank lending has added another layer of complexity to the financial landscape. Banks, to meet upcoming financial obligations, have taken interbank loans at interest rates of up to 12.5 percent. This austerity underlines the strain banks are currently facing and the need for financial support to bridge their funding gap. This combination of financial transactions highlights the complex dance banks are engaged in to shore up their financial positions before the end of the fiscal year, emphasizing the delicate balancing act between short-term relief and the need for long-term financial sustainability.

While injections of funds and interbank lending provide immediate solutions to pressing challenges, the sustainability of the financial sector demands a deeper assessment of the underlying issues. High interest rates on interbank borrowing highlight the acute pressures facing banks and underscore the importance of their need for financial support. As year-end challenges unfold, the banking sector finds itself at a crossroads, prompting a reassessment of strategies and measures that extend beyond short-term fixes to strengthen the sector’s resilience in the face of ongoing financial headwinds.

Future implications:

The current situation surrounding funding shortages within the banking sector in Bangladesh has raised critical questions about the future trajectory of the industry. While emergency measures have played an important role in averting immediate crises, there is a growing realization that sustained reliance on such interventions is not an effective long-term strategy. The central bank’s recent indication of a tougher stance reflects a strategic shift, emphasizing the need for banks to proactively implement comprehensive measures to address the underlying financial flaws that have led to the current challenges. This shift in perspective underscores the importance of building a banking ecosystem that is not only reactive but proactive towards proactive and sustainable solutions to ensure financial stability.

The future implications of this scenario reach beyond the immediate challenges facing distressed banks. The central bank’s call for financial institutions to take necessary measures to address funding shortfalls signals a profound paradigm shift in regulatory expectations. Banks are now challenged to move beyond quick, short-term fixes and instead develop strong, sustainable strategies that will strengthen the stability and resilience of the entire financial sector. The onus is on banks to reevaluate their operational models, risk management practices and strategic plans to align with these growing expectations. This imperative for a more proactive and strategic approach marks an important turning point for the banking sector, emphasizing the critical need for long-term perspective and adaptability to effectively navigate the complexities of the financial landscape.

In this transformational phase, banks must not only address their immediate financial challenges but also redefine their role as pillars of economic stability. The success of the banking sector in Bangladesh depends on its ability to embrace innovation, implement prudent risk management and foster a culture of transparency. By doing so, the sector can position itself for sustainable growth, ensuring that it remains the cornerstone of the country’s economic resilience and development for years to come.


The complexity of balancing funding deficits through dollar selling and borrowing in Bangladesh’s banking sector reflects a broader picture of challenges and opportunities. As the year drew to a close, the urge to deal with the funding shortfall led to complex financial maneuvers, with banks selling dollars and borrowing at high-interest rates. Bangladesh Bank’s role in stabilizing the sector is crucial, but the indication of a tough stance highlights the need for a more sustainable approach.

The future of the banking sector depends on banks’ ability to transition from reactive measures to proactive strategies that address the root causes of funding shortages. The complexity of dollar transactions, combined with the challenges of year-end calculations, underscores the need for a comprehensive and forward-looking approach. Bangladesh’s financial sector stands at a crossroads, and how it navigates the current challenges will determine its resilience and viability in the coming years.

Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain, a seasoned professional with a Master's degree in Mathematics, has built a rich and varied career as a banker, economist, and anti-money laundering expert. His journey in the financial sector has seen him in leading roles, notably in AL-Rajhi Banking Inc. in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and as Foreign Relations and Correspondent Maintenance Officer of Bank-AL-Bilad. Beyond the confines of traditional finance, Billal has emerged as a prominent writer and commentator, contributing thought-provoking columns and theses to various newspapers and online portals. His expertise spans a wide range of important global issues, including the complexities of economics, political dynamics, the plight of migrant workers, remittances, reserves, and other interrelated aspects. Billal brings a unique analytical perspective to his writing, combining academic rigor with practical insights gained from his banking career. His articles not only demonstrate a deep understanding of complex issues but also provide readers with informed perspectives, bridging the gap between theory and real-world application. Billal Hossain's contributions stand as a testament to his commitment to unraveling the complexities of our interconnected world, providing valuable insights that contribute to a broader and more nuanced understanding of the global economic landscape.



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