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Inflation Control Only the Challenges of Sustainable Economy

Inflation Control Only the Challenges of Sustainable Economy

As the economic tapestry of Bangladesh unfolds, it finds itself positioned at a pivotal crossroads, marked by the nuanced insights of the nation’s Finance Secretary, Khairuzzaman Majumdar. Against the backdrop of a dynamic global economic landscape and the lingering impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic, Mr. Majumdar, in a recent address during the National Board of Revenue (NBR) VAT Day seminar held in Dhaka, elucidated the government’s unwavering commitment to steering the economy towards stability by effectively managing and curbing inflation. This article seeks to delve into the salient points articulated by the Finance Secretary, providing a comprehensive understanding of the challenges at hand and the meticulous strategies deployed to usher in economic stability, especially in the aftermath of the unprecedented disruptions brought forth by the pandemic.

The sentiments echoed by Mr. Majumdar emphasize a recognition of the pivotal role that inflation control plays in sculpting a resilient economic future for Bangladesh. The multifaceted approach involving a fusion of monetary and fiscal policies underscores the gravity of the challenges faced and the necessity for a holistic response to ensure sustained economic well-being.

In this discourse, we embark on an exploration of the key insights unveiled by the Finance Secretary, dissecting the contours of the government’s commitment to addressing economic challenges, fostering recovery, and positioning Bangladesh on a trajectory of robust growth. As the world navigates the complexities of a post-Covid era, the economic strategies articulated by Mr. Majumdar offer a roadmap for not only mitigating the immediate impact of inflation but also for fortifying the foundations of the nation’s financial resilience.

1. Current Inflation Scenario:

In the intricate dance of economic dynamics, Khairuzzaman Majumdar, the Finance Secretary of Bangladesh, has cast a discerning eye on the primary hurdle facing the nation’s economic landscape— inflation. In a recent assessment, he candidly acknowledged the formidable challenge that inflation poses to the present economic climate. Despite the weight of this challenge, Mr. Majumdar infused a sense of optimism into the discourse by revealing a notable reduction in inflation rates, plunging to a mere 0.5 percent in the preceding month.

The Finance Secretary’s optimism is not a mere product of wishful thinking but rather a result of deliberate and strategic actions. Attributing this positive trajectory to the implementation of contractionary monetary and fiscal policies, Mr. Majumdar elucidated on the multifaceted measures adopted by the government to rein in inflationary pressures. These policies, characterized by a judicious tightening of the money supply and a disciplined approach to government spending, have been instrumental in navigating the turbulent waters of economic volatility.

Looking forward with a hopeful lens, Mr. Majumdar expressed his anticipation that the inflation rate would descend below the 9 percent mark by the conclusion of December. This forward-looking perspective signals a confidence in the effectiveness of the ongoing policies and underlines the government’s commitment to achieving a tangible and timely impact on the inflation front.

In essence, the Finance Secretary’s analysis of the current inflation scenario paints a picture of a resilient economy responding proactively to challenges. The delicate balance of contractionary measures implemented demonstrates a commitment to not only addressing the immediate concerns but also laying the groundwork for sustainable economic stability in the foreseeable future. As the nation charts its course through the intricate terrain of inflation management, the optimism and strategic initiatives articulated by Mr. Majumdar stand as beacons guiding Bangladesh toward a path of economic resilience.

2. Policy Measures:

In the intricate choreography of economic management, the government of Bangladesh, under the stewardship of Finance Secretary Khairuzzaman Majumdar, has orchestrated a harmonious blend of policy measures to address the pressing challenge of inflation. Recognizing the imperative of decisive action, the government has adopted a strategic combination of contractionary monetary and fiscal policies aimed at staunching the tide of rising inflation.

The cornerstone of these policy measures lies in their concerted effort to curtail excessive spending and tighten the money supply within the economic ecosystem. By adopting a contractionary stance, the government seeks to instill fiscal discipline and temper the exuberance of economic activities that may contribute to inflationary pressures. This dual-pronged approach reflects a nuanced understanding of the interconnectedness of monetary and fiscal levers in influencing economic behavior.

One of the tangible outcomes of these policies is the discernible stabilization of food prices, a crucial indicator in the inflationary matrix. The Finance Secretary’s acknowledgment of this positive trend underscores the efficacy of the measures undertaken. This stabilization not only addresses the immediate concerns of consumers but also serves as a barometer of the broader success of the government’s inflation-mitigating strategies.

Looking ahead with a measured optimism, Mr. Majumdar articulated a clear target—reducing inflation to 7.5 percent by the culmination of the fiscal year 2023-24. This ambitious yet realistic goal reflects the government’s commitment to sustained economic stability. Furthermore, the Finance Secretary envisions a subsequent reduction to below 6 percent in the ensuing financial year, underscoring a trajectory that extends beyond short-term gains to ensure a more enduring and resilient economic future.

In essence, the policy measures instituted by the government represent a calibrated response to the challenges of inflation. As the gears of fiscal and monetary policies interlock, the nation steers its economic ship through the tumultuous waters of inflation with an unwavering commitment to achieving stability and fostering a climate conducive to sustainable growth.

3. Global Challenges and Austerity Measures:

Against the backdrop of a dynamically evolving global economic landscape, Bangladesh finds itself navigating uncharted waters, marked by challenges emanating from the far reaches of the international stage. In response to this intricate web of global economic uncertainties, the nation has adeptly wielded the tool of contractionary measures, swiftly implementing strategies aimed at fortifying its post-Covid economic recovery.

The Finance Secretary, Khairuzzaman Majumdar, articulated the imperative of these contractionary measures as a crucial facet of Bangladesh’s resilience in the face of global challenges. These measures extend beyond the domestic realm, acknowledging the interconnectedness of economies on the world stage. The swift implementation of such policies underscores the government’s proactive stance in mitigating the potential spillover effects of external economic headwinds.

A noteworthy component of Bangladesh’s response to global challenges lies in the imposition of austerity measures in financial expenditure. By exercising fiscal discipline and prudently tightening the reins on expenditures, the government aims to bolster the macroeconomic foundations of the nation. The significance of these austerity measures extends beyond mere belt-tightening; it represents a deliberate and calculated effort to ensure the long-term economic resilience of Bangladesh.

The Finance Secretary, in emphasizing the importance of austerity measures, provides a lens through which to view the broader economic context. These measures contribute not only to fiscal prudence but also to the overall strength of Bangladesh’s macroeconomy. In an era where global economic uncertainties cast a long shadow, the nation’s ability to weather the storm relies on its capacity to maintain internal stability and fortify its economic fundamentals.

In essence, the swift adoption of contractionary measures and austerity measures by Bangladesh stands as a testament to its adaptability and resilience in the face of global challenges. As the world grapples with the reverberations of the Covid-19 pandemic and other external economic pressures, Bangladesh’s strategic response underscores its commitment to maintaining economic stability and charting a course of sustainable growth on the international stage.

4. Budget Overview:

In the intricate tapestry of economic governance, Dr. Khayeruzzaman, the Finance Secretary of Bangladesh, unveiled a comprehensive panorama of the nation’s fiscal landscape, offering a glimpse into the financial intricacies that underpin its economic machinery. At the heart of this revelation is the current fiscal year’s budget, a financial compass guiding the trajectory of Bangladesh’s economic journey.

The sheer magnitude of the budget, a formidable 7 lakh 61 thousand crores, underscores the scale and ambition encapsulated within the fiscal policies of the nation. Dr. Khayeruzzaman, in his exposition, brought forth the delicate balance inherent in this financial framework. With revenue income pegged at 5 lakh crores, the arithmetic unveils a deficit budget of 2 lakh 61 thousand rupees. This fiscal equation delineates the fine line that the government treads between the imperatives of economic growth and the exigencies of fiscal responsibility.

To bridge this deficit, the government adopts a pragmatic approach, resorting to borrowing. However, what distinguishes this financial maneuver is the deliberate choice of the source of funds. Dr. Khayeruzzaman outlined a preference for international loans over commercial bank loans, citing a strategic rationale aimed at mitigating the potential impact on businesses. This preference aligns with a broader vision of sustaining a conducive environment for the business sector, thereby safeguarding the economic ecosystem from undue stress.

Yet, even amid this strategic recourse to international borrowing, Dr. Khayeruzzaman sounded a note of caution. He acknowledged the imperative of managing the increasing limitations associated with international loans and grants. This acknowledgment reflects a keen awareness of the potential challenges and dependencies that can arise from external financial engagements, urging a judicious and circumspect approach to safeguard the nation’s economic sovereignty.

In sum, the budget overview outlined by Dr. Khayeruzzaman provides not only a financial snapshot of Bangladesh but also a narrative of economic stewardship. It encapsulates the delicate art of balancing ambition with prudence, signaling a commitment to fostering economic growth while navigating the complexities of financial management in an interconnected global landscape.

5. Revenue Collection and Automation:

In the intricate orchestration of fiscal strategies, Dr. Khayeruzzaman, the Finance Secretary of Bangladesh, has underscored the pivotal role of revenue collection in fortifying the foundations of the nation’s economic resilience. Acknowledging the significance of a robust revenue stream to buttress the government’s fiscal policies, Dr. Khayeruzzaman issued a clarion call to the National Board of Revenue (NBR) to intensify efforts in collecting more revenue, setting the stage for a discourse on the transformative potential of automation.

The Finance Secretary’s emphasis on revenue collection serves as a poignant reminder of its centrality in sustaining economic vitality. Revenue not only fuels government initiatives but also forms the lifeblood of essential public services and developmental projects. Dr. Khayeruzzaman’s call to augment revenue collection reflects a commitment to ensuring the fiscal health of the nation, particularly in the context of managing budget deficits and facilitating strategic investments.

Integral to this vision is the transformative power of automation in cultivating a resilient tax culture. Dr. Khayeruzzaman articulated a commitment to allocate increased financial resources to the NBR for automation initiatives. This financial injection is envisioned as a catalyst for ushering in a new era of efficiency and transparency in the realm of tax processes. An automated system, as envisaged by the Finance Secretary, promises to streamline tax collection, making it not only more efficient but also more transparent—a crucial step toward building trust and confidence in the government’s fiscal apparatus.

The push for automation aligns with a broader vision of modernizing and digitizing governmental processes. Beyond the immediate gains in efficiency, an automated tax system holds the potential to minimize bureaucratic hurdles, reduce the scope for human error, and enhance the overall responsiveness of the revenue collection framework.

In essence, the call for increased revenue collection and the parallel commitment to automation encapsulate a forward-looking approach to fiscal governance. Dr. Khayeruzzaman’s vision not only addresses the immediate imperatives of economic stability but also lays the groundwork for a resilient and adaptive fiscal infrastructure, capable of navigating the complexities of a rapidly evolving economic landscape. As Bangladesh charts its course toward economic vibrancy, the convergence of effective revenue collection and cutting-edge automation emerges as a cornerstone for sustained fiscal health and growth.


In the labyrinth of economic intricacies, Bangladesh stands at a critical juncture, grappling with the imperative to rein in inflation as the linchpin for sustained economic stability. The proactive stance adopted by the government, under the astute guidance of Finance Secretary Khairuzzaman Majumdar, delineates a roadmap marked by strategic measures, fiscal prudence, and a laser focus on revenue collection.

The multifaceted approach to control inflation, incorporating both contractionary monetary and fiscal policies, reflects a keen understanding of the nuanced levers that shape economic dynamics. The Finance Secretary’s optimism, rooted in the tangible reduction of inflation to 0.5 percent, fuels a positive outlook for the months ahead, with a targeted drop below 9 percent by December. This trajectory is not just a statistical achievement but a testament to the efficacy of deliberate economic strategies.

The global economic challenges serve as a crucible that has tempered Bangladesh’s response. Swift implementation of contractionary measures and the judicious application of austerity in financial expenditure showcase a resilience that transcends borders. In the face of external uncertainties, the nation’s commitment to maintaining economic stability remains unwavering.

Delving into the fiscal intricacies, the budget overview unveiled a financial landscape where ambition harmonizes with responsibility. Dr. Khayeruzzaman’s acknowledgment of the necessity to borrow, coupled with a preference for international loans to safeguard local businesses, reveals a delicate balancing act in pursuit of sustainable growth. However, a note of caution is sounded, recognizing the increasing limitations associated with external financial engagements.

At the heart of the economic narrative lies the imperative for enhanced revenue collection, intertwined with a visionary call for automation. Dr. Khayeruzzaman’s plea to the National Board of Revenue underscores a commitment to fortify the financial arteries of the nation. The envisioned automated system promises not only efficiency and transparency but heralds a new era of fiscal governance aligned with the demands of the digital age.

In summation, the Finance Secretary’s strategic vision, encapsulated in prudent fiscal policies and relentless pursuit of automation, paints a portrait of a resilient and stable economy for Bangladesh in the years ahead. As the nation treads the path of sustainable economic growth, the synthesis of economic measures and visionary leadership positions Bangladesh to navigate uncertainties with agility and emerge as a beacon of stability in an ever-evolving global economic landscape.

Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain, a seasoned professional with a Master's degree in Mathematics, has built a rich and varied career as a banker, economist, and anti-money laundering expert. His journey in the financial sector has seen him in leading roles, notably in AL-Rajhi Banking Inc. in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and as Foreign Relations and Correspondent Maintenance Officer of Bank-AL-Bilad. Beyond the confines of traditional finance, Billal has emerged as a prominent writer and commentator, contributing thought-provoking columns and theses to various newspapers and online portals. His expertise spans a wide range of important global issues, including the complexities of economics, political dynamics, the plight of migrant workers, remittances, reserves, and other interrelated aspects. Billal brings a unique analytical perspective to his writing, combining academic rigor with practical insights gained from his banking career. His articles not only demonstrate a deep understanding of complex issues but also provide readers with informed perspectives, bridging the gap between theory and real-world application. Billal Hossain's contributions stand as a testament to his commitment to unraveling the complexities of our interconnected world, providing valuable insights that contribute to a broader and more nuanced understanding of the global economic landscape.


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