Thursday, June 20, 2024

Top 5 This Week

Related Posts

Commemorating 21st February: Shahid Dibos of Bangladesh and International Mother Language Day

Commemorating 21st February: Shahid Dibos of Bangladesh and International Mother Language Day

Every year on the 21st of February, Bangladesh reverberates with a profound sense of pride and remembrance. This date holds dual significance as it marks both the Shahid Dibos (Martyrs’ Day) of Bangladesh and the International Mother Language Day. It’s a day to honor the sacrifices made for linguistic rights and to celebrate the diversity and richness of languages worldwide. In this article, we delve into the historical importance of 21st February, its global significance, and the duties incumbent upon Bangladeshi nationals in upholding their language and heritage.

The Historical Context:

The roots of 21st February trace back to 1952 when the people of Bangladesh, then East Pakistan, found themselves in a pivotal moment of resistance against linguistic oppression. The ruling government of Pakistan attempted to impose Urdu as the sole official language, disregarding the linguistic identity of the Bengali-speaking population. In response, students, intellectuals, and activists united in peaceful protests, advocating for the recognition of Bangla as one of the state languages. However, these demonstrations turned tragic as the police brutally opened fire on the unarmed demonstrators, claiming the lives of several brave souls, including Rafiq Uddin Ahmed, Abdul Jabbar, Abdus Salam, Barkat, and Shafiur. Their sacrifice not only stirred the conscience of the nation but also ignited a fervent movement for language rights. The bloodshed of 21st February galvanized the Bengali people, leading to widespread protests and ultimately culminating in the recognition of Bangla as the official language of Bangladesh, a defining moment in the country’s quest for linguistic freedom and cultural identity.

International Recognition:

The UNESCO declaration of International Mother Language Day in 1999 stands as a watershed moment in global acknowledgment of the significance of linguistic diversity and cultural heritage. It draws its inspiration from the profound events of 21st February 1952 in Bangladesh, where the struggle for language rights cost the lives of courageous individuals who dared to resist linguistic oppression. This declaration resonates deeply with the essence of human rights, emphasizing the intrinsic value of preserving and promoting one’s language and culture. Across continents and cultures, February 21st serves as a rallying point for communities worldwide to unite in commemorating the sacrifices made for linguistic freedoms. Through diverse events, seminars, and cultural programs, people come together to celebrate the richness of languages and foster a spirit of multilingualism. International Mother Language Day is more than just a date on the calendar; it is a testament to the resilience of communities and the universal quest for linguistic justice. It reminds us of the power of language to shape our identities, bridge cultural divides, and uphold the dignity of every individual. In honoring this day, we reaffirm our commitment to nurturing linguistic diversity as a cornerstone of our shared humanity, ensuring that the voices of all languages are heard and respected in our increasingly interconnected world.

The Duty of Bangladeshi Nationals:

As custodians of a language for which people sacrificed their lives, Bangladeshi nationals bear a solemn duty to preserve and promote their linguistic heritage. This duty encompasses several aspects:

  1. Language Preservation: The Duty of Bangladeshi Nationals extends beyond mere acknowledgment; it requires active engagement in preserving and promoting their linguistic heritage. As custodians of a language for which brave souls sacrificed their lives, Bangladeshi nationals bear a solemn responsibility to safeguard Bangla from the threats of linguistic imperialism and cultural erosion. This duty involves multifaceted efforts, starting with the meticulous documentation and conservation of linguistic nuances, dialects, and oral traditions. By preserving these elements, Bangladeshi nationals ensure the continuity of their linguistic legacy for future generations, safeguarding the essence of their cultural identity. Additionally, fostering an environment that values and encourages the use of Bangla in various spheres of life, from education to media and literature, is essential. Through initiatives that promote linguistic pride and proficiency, Bangladeshi nationals can strengthen their bond with their language, empowering it to thrive amidst the challenges of globalization. Ultimately, this commitment to language preservation serves not only as a tribute to the sacrifices of the past but also as a testament to the resilience and determination of the Bangladeshi people in safeguarding their cultural heritage.
  2. Promotion of Bangla Literature and Arts: Promotion of Bangla literature and arts stands as a cornerstone in preserving the cultural identity of Bangladesh. As custodians of a rich literary and artistic heritage, Bangladeshi nationals have a duty to support and celebrate local authors, poets, artists, and cultural institutions. These creators serve as guardians of the nation’s collective memory, weaving narratives that reflect its history, values, and aspirations. By actively engaging with Bangla literature and arts, whether through reading, attending cultural events, or patronizing local artists, Bangladeshi nationals not only enrich their own cultural experiences but also contribute to the preservation and promotion of Bangla heritage. Moreover, fostering an environment that nurtures creativity and artistic expression empowers future generations to carry forward the legacy of Bangla literature and arts. Through such endeavors, Bangladeshi nationals ensure that their cultural identity remains vibrant and resilient, transcending geographical boundaries and enriching the global cultural tapestry.
  3. Education in Mother Tongue: Education in the mother tongue is fundamental to effective learning and cognitive development. Bangladeshi nationals bear the responsibility of advocating for policies that prioritize the use of Bangla as the medium of instruction in schools and universities. By championing this approach, they ensure that students have access to education that is linguistically and culturally relevant, enabling them to fully engage with the curriculum and reach their academic potential. Moreover, education in the mother tongue fosters a sense of pride and identity among students, strengthening their connection to their cultural heritage. It also facilitates smoother transitions to learning additional languages and enhances overall cognitive skills. By promoting mother tongue-based education, Bangladeshi nationals not only uphold the linguistic rights of their community but also contribute to the development of a more inclusive and equitable education system.
  4. Celebrating Cultural Diversity: Celebrating cultural diversity is imperative in Bangladesh, a nation rich in ethnic communities, each with its unique language and cultural heritage. Bangladeshi nationals play a pivotal role in fostering social cohesion and national unity by embracing and honoring this diversity. By recognizing and respecting the languages, traditions, and customs of all ethnic groups, Bangladeshis create an inclusive society where every individual feels valued and represented. Embracing cultural diversity not only enriches the fabric of Bangladeshi society but also promotes understanding and mutual respect among different communities. It provides opportunities for cultural exchange, collaboration, and learning, strengthening social bonds and fostering a sense of belonging for all citizens. By celebrating cultural diversity, Bangladeshi nationals demonstrate their commitment to building a harmonious and inclusive society where every voice is heard, and every culture is celebrated.
  5. Respecting Linguistic Rights: Respecting linguistic rights is paramount for fostering a pluralistic society in Bangladesh. Upholding the rights of all communities, including linguistic minorities, is essential for promoting inclusivity and equality. Discrimination based on language should be vehemently opposed, as it undermines the dignity and rights of individuals and communities. Bangladeshi nationals have a duty to advocate for policies and practices that protect linguistic diversity and ensure equal opportunities for all linguistic groups. This includes promoting bilingual education, providing access to government services and information in multiple languages, and fostering an environment where individuals are free to express themselves in their preferred language without fear of discrimination or marginalization. By respecting linguistic rights, Bangladeshi nationals contribute to the creation of a more just and harmonious society where every language and culture is valued and respected.


In essence, the 21st of February is a poignant reminder of the indomitable spirit of the Bangladeshi people, who stood firm in the face of adversity to defend their linguistic identity. It is a day that transcends borders, resonating with individuals worldwide who recognize the intrinsic value of language as a cornerstone of cultural heritage. As we commemorate International Mother Language Day, we honor not only the sacrifices made by those who laid down their lives for linguistic rights but also the enduring legacy they have left behind.

In a world marked by globalization and rapid social change, the significance of preserving linguistic diversity cannot be overstated. Language is not merely a means of communication; it is a vessel through which history, traditions, and values are transmitted from one generation to the next. The 21st of February serves as a rallying cry for the protection of linguistic rights, reminding us of the fundamental human right to speak, learn, and express ourselves in our mother tongue.

However, our commitment to linguistic diversity must extend beyond mere commemoration. It requires concrete action to dismantle systemic barriers and combat discrimination based on language. This entails advocating for policies that promote multilingualism in education, ensuring equitable access to resources and opportunities for speakers of all languages, and fostering inclusive spaces where linguistic minorities are empowered to fully participate in society.

Moreover, celebrating linguistic diversity is not just a matter of cultural preservation; it is also a catalyst for social cohesion and national unity. By embracing the multitude of languages spoken within their borders, nations like Bangladesh demonstrate their commitment to inclusivity and respect for human rights. In doing so, they set an example for the rest of the world, showing that diversity is not a source of division but a strength to be cherished and celebrated.

As we commemorate the sacrifices of the language martyrs on the 21st of February and celebrate International Mother Language Day, let us reaffirm our commitment to linguistic diversity and cultural heritage. Let us pledge to uphold the rights of linguistic minorities everywhere and work towards a future where every language is valued and respected. It is through our collective efforts that we can truly honor the spirit of 21st February and build a more just, equitable, and inclusive world for generations to come.

Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain, a seasoned professional with a Master's degree in Mathematics, has built a rich and varied career as a banker, economist, and anti-money laundering expert. His journey in the financial sector has seen him in leading roles, notably in AL-Rajhi Banking Inc. in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and as Foreign Relations and Correspondent Maintenance Officer of Bank-AL-Bilad. Beyond the confines of traditional finance, Billal has emerged as a prominent writer and commentator, contributing thought-provoking columns and theses to various newspapers and online portals. His expertise spans a wide range of important global issues, including the complexities of economics, political dynamics, the plight of migrant workers, remittances, reserves, and other interrelated aspects. Billal brings a unique analytical perspective to his writing, combining academic rigor with practical insights gained from his banking career. His articles not only demonstrate a deep understanding of complex issues but also provide readers with informed perspectives, bridging the gap between theory and real-world application. Billal Hossain's contributions stand as a testament to his commitment to unraveling the complexities of our interconnected world, providing valuable insights that contribute to a broader and more nuanced understanding of the global economic landscape.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Popular Articles